Questões

Total de Questões Encontradas: 60

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When relating the ideas in Text I with those in Text II, one concludes that the
A
author of Comment 1, U.N., has a view that is contrary to that manifested by the author of Text I in terms of a country’s economic standards.
B
author of Comment 2, T. McK, supports the argument on the relation  between economic growth and foreign workforce exposed in Text I.
C
author of Comment 1, U.N., and the author of Comment 3, J.I., side with the author of Text I about immigration and economic development.
D
authors of Comments 2 and 3, T. McK and J.I., respectively, oppose the view on the relation between economic development and rates of immigration expressed in Text I.
E
three commentators agree with the perspective on the importance of  immigration defended by the  author of  Text I.
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U.N., who wrote Comment 1 in Text II, defends that
A
a country becomes a superpower when it takes up in its workforce more qualified immigrant professionals  and rejects unskilled workers.
B
low-skilled immigrants to the US find more opportunities to prosper than they would in their countries of origin.
C
Brazil is still an emerging country because it has closed its doors to immigration of unskilled workers from South American countries.
D
Brazil offers its immigrant population appropriate educational conditions to become valuable citizens.
E
Brazil’s illiterate population and El Salvador’s immigrants to the US have no opportunity to prosper and help the countries’ economic growth.
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In the excerpt of Text II: “living standards are severely damaged for both immigrants and native-born Americans, that is for everyone but the 0.1% wealthiest Americans who benefit from cheap labor” (lines 64-67), that is introduces a(n)
A
contrast
B
solution
C
hypothesis
D
addition
E
explanation
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In the excerpts of Text II: “The US economic and social systems are set up to provide opportunity for immigrants to prosper” (lines 10-12) and “if immigrants are instead brought in as low-wage replacements for American workers” (lines 60-61) set up and brought in mean, respectively,
A
established – introduced
B
ignored – incorporated
C
organized – discarded
D
forbidden – eliminated
E
created – returned
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In Text II, the sentence that expresses the idea of absolute certainty in the future is
A
“even poor campesinos from El Salvador can prosper in the US” (lines 4-5)
B
“many predicted Brazil would become a world power” (lines 17-18)
C
“There are many reasons and factors that could explain Brazil’s backwardness” (lines 22-23)
D
“It may be that these jobs are now forever changed” (lines 39-40)
E
“globalization will bring benefits” (line 46)
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In Texts I and II, in terms of meaning, one notices that
A
cutting-edge (Text I, line 17) and vanguard convey opposite meanings.
B
further (Text I, line 25) and additional have equivalent meanings.
C
actually (Text I, line 32) and nowadays are synonyms.
D
boost (Text I, line 41) and raise are antonyms.
E
sub par (Text II, line 21) and extraordinary express similar ideas.
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In Texts I and II, in terms of reference, one notices that
A
other (Text I, line 23) refers to impacts (Text I, line 23).
B
these (Text I, line 33) refers to programs (Text I, line 31).
C
them (Text II, line 46)  refers to working folks (Text II, line 48).
D
it (Text II, line 48) refers to way of life (Text II, line 47).
E
these (Text II, line 56) refers to workplaces (Text II, line 56).
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In the excerpt of Text I: “other estimates find that immigration raises the wages of all US workers, regardless of education” (lines 23-25), regardless of, is substituted, without change in meaning, by
A
as a result of
B
because of
C
except for
D
despite
E
due to
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According to Text I, studies have NOT proved that
A
high immigration rates lead to a decline in economic growth and affect the citizens’ standards of living by reducing the prices of goods.
B
higher rates of immigration help support national welfare programs because the foreign population expands the share of contributors to these programs.
C
wages are not reduced even when the country experiences high rates of immigrant populations in all educational levels.
D
foreign professionals have set up  many successful IT start-ups and integrated research projects contributing to scientific development.
E
more innovation efforts are seen in the economy when a large number of  high-skilled professionals are attracted to the country.
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The author’s main claim in Text I is that
A
higher standards of living in the US have attracted more immigrants from neighboring countries.
B
American salaries have risen because of the low- skilled immigrants that have left the US.
C
the increase of immigrant population in the USA has benefitted the economy and created more job opportunities.
D
the additional influx of immigrant workers and professionals had a positive impact on the educational standards of Americans.
E
more businesses and high-technology enterprises take advantage of undereducated workers moving into the US.
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