Questões

Total de Questões Encontradas: 210

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In Text II, Herbert illustrates the possibility of “...idled rigs heading to other shores.” (line 26) EXCEPT when he mentions 
A
prospection in ultra-deepwater reserves off the coasts of Ghana and Nigeria. 
B
deepwater operations in the sulfur-laden depths of the Black Sea. 
C
the quest for oil in the tar sands of Venezuela’s Orinoco Basin. 
D
the suspension of the US offshore-drilling moratorium. 
E
Brazil’s drillings four miles below the Atlantic.
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According to Text II, in spite of the oil spill disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, 
A
the US will soon surpass China in energy consumption. 
B
the conventional drilling of oil and gas is seen as a taboo now. 
C
in twenty years, the whole world will need 65 million barrels a day. 
D
energy consumption of India and China will double in ten years’ time. 
E
deepwater oil and gas prospecting has not been halted in other regions of the globe. 
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Comparing Texts I and II,  
A
only Text I mentions an environmental disaster derived from deepwater oil prospection. 
B
only Text II reports on China’s intensive economic growth and absolute need of commodities. 
C
neither Text I nor Text II express concern for the implications of  the explorations of offshore oil deposits to local economies. 
D
both Text I and Text II  present Brazil’s potential of holding an outstanding position concerning worldwide deepwater reserves and exploration. 
E
Text I mentions Brazil, Nigeria and Venezuela to criticize their addiction to oil revenues, while Text II mentions these countries to illustrate successful examples of conventional oil prospection. 
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The boldfaced item is synonymous with the expression in parentheses in     
A
Nevertheless, for Brazil, this represents something much more spectacular.” (lines 6-7) – (Thus) 
B
“…neither the company nor the country’s oil industry has so far been big enough to become a government cash cow.” (lines 39-41) – (meanwhile) 
C
However, ‘if we have a firm and successful local content policy, no” (lines 52-53) – (Moreover)
D
“ ‘because other sectors in the economy are going to grow as fast as Petrobras.’ ” (lines 53-54) – (due to the fact that) 
E
Ultimately, Brazil’s ability to avoid Dutch disease will depend not just on how the money from the oil is spent.” (lines 66-68) – (Furthermore) 
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In  “Without a ‘firm local content policy’, says Petrobras CEO, Dutch disease and the oil curse will take hold.” (lines  50-52), “take hold” means to 
A
become more easily controlled. 
B
become stronger and difficult to stop. 
C
be completely defeated and ineffective. 
D
be absolutely harmless and disappointing. 
E
be transformed into very powerful assets.
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Concerning the referent to the pronoun it, in the fragments below, 
A
in “It looks and smells like ordinary crude oil.” (line  5), it refers to “beaker” (line  4). 
B
in “The danger for Brazil, if it fails to manage this windfall wisely, is of falling victim to ‘Dutch disease.’ ” (lines  28-29), it refers to “danger” (line  28). 
C
in “... Brazilian engineers see it as a new frontier.” (lines  59-60), it refers to “coast” (line  58). 
D
in “making it harder for Brazilian exporters of manufactured goods.” (lines 75-76), it refers to “stream” (line  75). 
E
in “ ‘it’s just going to be starved for those resources,’ says Harvard’s Prof Rogoff.” (lines 81-83), it refers to “China” (line  81).
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Based on the meanings in Text I, the two words are antonymous in 
A
“...realise...” (line  23) – understand 
B
“...stretch...” (line  42) – bridge 
C
“...curb...” (line  46) – foster 
D
“...faltered...” (line  77) – halted 
E
“...blaming...” (line  78) – reproaching
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According to paragraphs 9 and 10 (lines 55-65), investing in R&D 
A
may open new markets for the Brazilian technological sector of oil extraction at great depth. 
B
may justify Petrobras’ plans to reduce the development of its research center. 
C
is surely leading Brazilian engineers to work for African countries rich in natural resources. 
D
will pay immediate dividends in the challenging sector of geology and oil exploitation. 
E
can explain why Petrobras is spending $800m - $900m to extract oil at great depth.
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According to paragraphs 5 and 6 (lines 28-38), Dutch disease is a 
A
concept that explains the relationship between a stronger currency, due to the discovery of vast gas deposits, and the decline in the manufacturing sector. 
B
theory that can justify the increase in energy prices and the strengthening of the manufacturing sector. 
C
dangerous form of economic malaise that can only victimize already affluent nations. 
D
severe economic disease that is affecting the economy of countries like the Netherlands. 
E
a type of problem known as the “oil curse” that affects the booming sector of oil extraction.
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The communicative intention of Text I is to 
A
classify all the economic risks Brazil will certainly run if it insists on extracting oil at great depth. 
B
suggest that Brazil could soon be ranked as one of the four main oil producers in the whole world. 
C
argue that Brazil should try to avoid potential dangers associated to its recent deepwater oil discoveries. 
D
report on the rising tensions between China and Brazil over the manufacturing sector of the world economy. 
E
announce the expected growth of the oil industry in Brazil, Nigeria and Venezuela in the coming decades.
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