Questões

Total de Questões Encontradas: 215

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According to Fatih Birol in Paragraph 5 (lines 26-31 – Text II), it
A
will be impossible to meet the large demand for energy in the developing world. 
B
will be imperative in the next century to find solutions for energy and climate problems around the globe.  
C
is useless to combat changes in weather and promote wide access to energy nowadays. 
D
is time to find ways to fight climate change, improve energy security and expand the access to electricity. 
E
may be necessary to take violent actions against the unfair distribution of energy in developing nations. 
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In “It also stated that two billion more people will need access to modern fuels…” (lines 13-14 – Text II) , “it” refers to  
A
“... report,” (line 11) 
B
“... proportion ...” (line 11) 
C
“... poverty ...” (line 12) 
D
“... access ...” (line 13) 
E
“... electricity.” (line 13) 
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Considering some of the numerical figures in Text II, 
A
“... 1.5 billion ...” (line 2) refers to more than 25% of the world population who survive without access to electricity. 
B
“... 80 per cent ...” (line 4) refers to the share of the total world population living in the least developed countries.  
C
“1.2 billion ...” (line 12) refers to the amount of global population that will certainly live without electricity in 2015. 
D
“... 99 per cent ...” (lines 18-19) refers to the percentage of deaths resulting from smoking cigarettes in developing countries. 
E
“... 38 per cent ...” (line 24) refers to the amount of adults who die of lung disease in the sub-Saharan Africa. 
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Both Text I and Text II
A
report on the high death rates in Africa and Asia resulting from the use of electricity. 
B
condemn African countries that are trying to offer their populations  healthy living conditions.  
C
blame the UN for the difficulties Africans have faced due to the inefficient electricity provisions in the continent.  
D
announce that the use of fuels such as natural gas and propane reduced the death rates in developing countries.  
E
argue for the implementation of widespread access to electricity in developing nations so as to reduce poverty. 
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In paragraph 7 (lines 32-40), Ban Ki-moon states that energy services 
A
cannot aid nations to overcome difficulties in human development. 
B
can play a fundamental role in the fulfillment of basic human needs. 
C
are unavailable in poor countries with sustained social development. 
D
will have no impact on promoting social advances or on reducing poverty. 
E
will help poor nations accumulate wealth and produce electrical appliances.
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Based on the meanings in the text, the two items are synonymous in 
A
“... worsen.” (line 8) – improve. 
B
“... made up of...” (line 30) – composed of.  
C
“figures...” (line 30) – numbers. 
D
“has taken up...” (line 32) – has discarded.
E
“affordable...” (line 38) – expensive.
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The expression in boldface introduces the idea of consequence in 
A
Instead, most use wood, coal or even dung to heat and cook their homes —” (lines 4-5) 
B
“…but, except for periodic jumpstarts during election season,” (lines 16-17) 
C
“Access to adequate, affordable and basic modern energy services is thus crucial to achieving sustainable human development.” (lines 38-40)  
D
However, in the same region, mobile phones are widespread,” (lines 47-48) 
E
“All of this exists bthe absence of a convenient outlet in which to plug basic electronic appliances.” (lines 50-52)
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Ghana is mentioned in Text I because 
A
Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General, was born there.
B
its population of 1.3 billion people will still lack electricity in 2030.
C
it is the only country in Africa to have mobile phones and a growing film industry.
D
it is a typical example of a country that suffers with the absence of investments in electricity.
E
it has celebrated Earth Day stimulating the population to use coal for cooking and heating homes.
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In “By 2030, when Earth’s population will likely top 8 billion,” (lines 9-10), “will likely” means the same as
A
will certainly.
B
will similarly. 
C
will probably. 
D
will eventually. 
E
will considerably.
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The author’s main intention in Text I is to 
A
criticize the high costs of electricity in most African countries.
B
defend the electrification of regions which lack modern energy services.
C
convince the government of Ghana to invest in the mobile phone industry. 
D
suggest that some traditional fuels can be harmless substitutes to electricity in Africa. 
E
warn about the spread of lung diseases in African population due to the use of coal as fuel.
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